How to Write News Stories: Path to Becoming A Successful Journalist in Nigeria

by Promise Chimankpa
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how to write news stories

Are you looking to make a career out of journalism in Nigeria? Writing news stories is one of the most important elements of any journalist’s job.

Writing news stories requires creativity, resourcefulness and accuracy all at once. Learning how to write news effectively allows writers opportunities in a number of different mediums ranging from newspapers, websites and television reports. 

Once mastered, compelling news pieces can help create a greater understanding of complex topics among readers and significantly elevate your career prospects. Learning to write news stories well takes dedication but pays dividends over time.

But, how do you go about it?

This article will explore the path to becoming a successful journalist in Nigeria through writing compelling news stories.

What is a News Story?

A news story is a type of non-fiction writing that reports on events and information related to current events. Being an important part of any media outlet, the news story is how we keep up with the world around us.

A news story can be about anything, from politics and business to sports and entertainment. It is usually written in a way that is interesting, engaging and informative so that readers can learn more about the topic.

A news story is typically focused on current events and development in the world around us. It is usually written from an objective point of view and may involve interviews or analysis from experts or public members to provide readers context.

Parts of A News Story

A news story typically consists of four parts; the lead or headline,  the body, a summary and a conclusion.

  1. The lead or headline

This is usually the first thing readers see when they come across an article, and they should quickly summarize it. This allows readers to quickly understand the context of the article and decide whether they want to continue reading.

  1. The body

After the lead comes the body of the article, which typically provides further details on the subject matter. Here, writers are encouraged to provide relevant information that will help explain the topic while remaining engaging and interesting for readers. This includes facts and statistics, interviews with experts or other people involved in the topic, and any related events or circumstances surrounding it.

  1. Summary

The summary ties all of these elements together and reinforces why this story was worth reporting on in the first place. It also acts as a bridge between each part of the story and keeps readers engaged.

  1. Conclusion

The conclusion is the fourth element of a news story that brings closure to everything mentioned previously. It provides insight into future developments that may be related to this topic or field of study.

Basics of Writing News Stories

The most basic form of news reporting is simply providing facts about what has happened, who it involves and where it happened. In its simplest form, a news story will contain a headline, as stated earlier in this article, a brief description of what happened, and details such as who was involved, where the event took place, and any other pertinent information.

Depending on the complexity of the topic being covered, news reporters may include additional contexts such as related history, cultural considerations or historical trends that have contributed to the development of the issue being discussed.

More complex stories may involve additional forms of journalism, such as investigative reporting or in-depth interviews with key figures in the discussed situation. Reporters must often spend considerable time researching their topics to understand all angles of the issue before writing their articles.

In addition to research skills, reporters must also develop interviewing techniques that can extract information without compromising their sources’ anonymity or violating privacy laws. 

In recent years, digital technologies have profoundly affected how news stories are created and shared. Reporters can now embed images, videos and interactive elements into their articles to enhance readers’ experiences and engage them more deeply with content. Online publication platforms also enable reporters to post stories quickly to remain timely and relevant even if new developments arise after the publication date. Reporters can directly communicate with readers to answer questions or provide more insight into issues they are covering in real-time.

News stories inform readers about current events while providing additional context to give those events more meaning than would otherwise be possible with raw facts alone. Through creative use of language and visuals, coupled with ever-evolving technology that enables reporters to share content faster than ever before  – reporters strive each day to bring readers closer together through timely reports on what’s happening in our world today.

Technique of Writing News Stories

Writing news stories can be an incredibly rewarding and lucrative career, as it offers a great way to explore new topics and bring them to the public’s attention. However, to be successful as a news writer, you need to learn the techniques of how to write news stories. Doing so will ensure that your work reaches readers who may not have been aware of the story and will help you develop skills as a journalist.

  1. Know the purpose

It is important to remember that the purpose of writing a news story is to inform and entertain the reader. Therefore, it is essential that your writing has the correct tone for your audience and is written with clarity. The headline should provide readers with enough information about the story so that they can make an informed decision on whether or not to read further. The opening paragraph should capture their attention by highlighting key points and facts from the article.

  1. Good research

When it comes time to research, make sure that you are sourcing accurate information from reliable sources. Also, double-check any facts or quotes in your article to ensure they are accurate before publishing them. Doing this will give credibility to your story and enhance its believability.

When conducting interviews with experts or sources in relation to the story, ensure you ask questions which enable you to delve into the topic further while also creating interesting angles which make your writing unique.

  1. Plan your writing

Creating a good news article takes careful planning and thought to develop a logical structure. Brainstorming ideas beforehand helps when crafting the main points of discussion, which allow readers to become engaged with what you’re discussing and can add valuable context for understanding more complex topics.

Also, remember that this type of journalism needs to be balanced with opposing perspectives if applicable and up-to-date, relevant and easy to read.

  1. Proofread

Once your article is complete, make sure you proofread for any mistakes or errors. The errors may be glaringly obvious if missed out. This could cause major damage to your reputation as a writer of quality news stories, even if you made no intentional mistakes.

Read Also: Improve Your Writing: 7 Little Things that Make a Huge Difference in Writing

 Skills Needed to Become A Successful Journalist in Nigeria

Becoming a successful journalist in Nigeria requires specific skills and knowledge. In today’s world, journalists must be as versatile and knowledgeable as possible to ensure their success.

For any aspiring Nigerian journalist, here are the key skills needed for success:

  1. Research skills

Good research skills are essential for journalism, particularly when gathering data on complex stories. Sifting through vast amounts of information quickly and accurately effectively will help you create engaging, accurate and up-to-date content.

Furthermore, this skill can help keep journalists ahead of the curve with new trends or breaking news stories.

  1. Communication skills

Clear communication is essential to interview sources and relay information effectively and successfully. Strong verbal and written communication abilities are invaluable to accurately sharing your findings with a wider audience.

In addition, understanding different cultures and building relationships with individuals from various backgrounds can also open up access to exclusive stories and interviews.

  1. Multimedia skills

As media becomes more diverse than ever, so does the range of ways journalists are expected to communicate their message. Multimedia skills are crucial for Nigerian journalists who want to work across multiple platforms such as print, digital, audio or video media – or even all four!

Understanding how different media platforms work is essential for reporters who want to effectively tell their story across all outlets.

  1. Organization and time management skills

In an industry where deadlines must be met at every turn, excellent organizational and time management skills are vital for reporters. If you wish to remain ahead of the competition while producing well-rounded content within strict timelines.

It’s also important for reporters working on multi-faceted stories that may take weeks or months to complete to stay on top of each component while focusing on the bigger picture, overall project goals and objectives.

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  1. Digital skills

To keep up with advances in technology like artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML) or even robotics processes automation (RPA), Nigerian journalists must embrace these tools into their daily workflow processes as they become increasingly commonplace within reporting practices nowadays

The development of digital skills can equip them with tools necessary both analyze data sets as well potential report it on their news networks website with powerful infographics amongst other methods -all which increase the visibility of news stories greatly

 Successful journalism involves hard work, dedication, perseverance and creativity – not only from those who write the story but those who consume it too! By sharpening these five core competencies mentioned above, aspiring Nigerian journalists will set themselves apart from competitors within the same sector, ensuring maximum success throughout their careers regardless of what verticals they decide to cover.

Applicable Formats for Writing News Stories

Writing news stories can be an art form. When done right, a news story is engaging and well-written while concisely conveying important information.

Many formats are used when writing news stories, each with its strengths and weaknesses. These are some of the formats; 

  1. The inverted pyramid

inverted pyramid

This is the most commonly used format for writing news stories. It begins by summarizing the most important information, followed by more details in the article. This style is often seen in print media, where space may be limited or where there may be several stories on the same page competing for readers’ attention.

It is also an efficient way to tell a story since it conveys all essential information and provides additional details if desired.

  1. The chronological format

As its name suggests, this format presents events in chronological order, beginning with what happened and ending with what happened last. This format works best for articles about single events such as sports games or breaking news.

Including facts in their proper order of occurrence allows readers to follow the story more efficiently. They will be able to understand what happened and why it matters.

  1. The Q&A format

This format uses questions and answers to give readers quick bursts of easily understood information. It is useful for complex topics that need further explanation after being summarized up front.

Framing facts as questions and providing answers to them can make complicated topics easier to understand while providing clear direction to readers as they read through an article.

  1. The narrative format

This format works well when telling long-form stories involving multiple characters and elements. Instead of just focusing on summarizing facts up front, this style allows writers to craft compelling narratives that draw readers in from start to finish.

It’s also helpful for building tension within a story since you can use various techniques, such as dialogue and descriptions, to convey moods or themes more effectively than other formats would allow.

The takeaway here is that no matter the approache you choose, your goal should always center on creating an informative yet engaging piece of content that will captivate your audience while also helping your story rank well on search engines so that people can find it online easily.

Read Also: How to Become a Successful Freelance Writer in Nigeria

Objectivity in Writing News Stories

When writing news stories, it is essential to maintain objectivity and be as unbiased as possible. In the Nigerian context, objectivity is especially important due to the dynamic cultural, religious and political landscape that often divides opinions. If a news story fails to take an objective stance and lacks balance, it can create unrest and exacerbate existing divisions in the community. Therefore, having an objective outlook on current events is key for Nigerian writers.

Objectivity involves keeping one’s biases at bay when covering any story or situation. Objectivity means treating both sides of a conflict or dispute with respect rather than making assumptions about who may be right or wrong without sufficient evidence. Writers should not forget that each side has its narrative that needs to be accurately conveyed without being influenced by personal views.

Taking a subjective stance can often result in inaccurate reporting and misrepresentation of facts, which could then lead to misinformation being spread among the general public.

Furthermore, Nigerian writers must adhere to journalistic neutrality and provide reliable facts backed up by solid evidence rather than resorting to rumour-mongering or exaggeration. Any statement or opinion should only reflect the factual evidence collected from the people involved in the event.

For example, if a journalist interviews witnesses at a protest demonstration, they should only include direct quotes from those interviewed and avoid making sweeping conclusions or assumptions based on what they have observed themselves.

Achieving objectivity in reporting requires a deep understanding of all sides of the argument being discussed and patience and discipline during the research stages of writing news stories. Journalists should strive for fairness in all their reporting by including points of view from both sides, even if these appear conflicting at first glance.

By maintaining neutrality throughout their stories, Nigerian writers will be able to deliver honest reports that seek truth without favouring one perspective over another. Objectivity is an imperative trait when delivering reliable journalism today.

Read Also: How to Get Writing Jobs on LinkedIn


Learning how to write news stories is key for any aspiring journalist looking to build a career in Nigeria’s journalism industry. Knowing what a news story is and the various formats it can be written in can help novice writers understand how they should craft their pieces effectively while maintaining their accuracy and impartiality.

Mastering all these key elements combined with additional related skills would go a long way towards helping one become a successful journalist in Nigeria.

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About Author

Avatar of Promise Chimankpa
Promise Chimankpa
Promise Chimankpa is a graduate of History and International Studies, with a deep commitment to learning and connecting with people. Currently, he is undergoing professional training on Human Resource Management to expand his skill-set, which already includes Content Marketing, SEO and Copywriting. His writing focuses on highlighting personal experiences, lifestyle topics and exploring meaningful themes. Through his words, he seeks to bridge cultural gaps while connecting individuals around the world.

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