Smart Home Technology: How it Works and the Benefits

Transforming Nigerian Homes for the Future

by Mercy Ogunlowo

Smart technology has been taking over everything crude for some years now. The changes span our mobile devices, computers, automobiles and many day-to-day systems that make life easy. 

Our homes are currently not being spared from this transition. The rapid technological advancement has made the concept of a smart home possible. Smart home technology is easy to use, efficient and affords the user improved security in their homes.

In this article, we will discuss what smart home technology is, how to use it, and its numerous benefits to Nigerian homes.

What is Smart Home Technology?

Smart home technology is the integration of smart devices, systems and appliances in the home to create an interconnected system that can be controlled usually through a smartphone app or a central hub. 

Features of Smart Home Technology 

  1. Sensors and devices

Smart homes are usually equipped with smart home tech gadgets. These gadgets include a range of sensors such as motion sensors that detect movements, temperature sensors that detect a room’s temperature, etc. Sensors gather data about what is occurring in the home to function efficiently.

  1. Connectivity

The sensors, devices and appliances in a smart home are connected through wireless protocols such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc. The connectivity makes it easy for technologies to be directed to function accordingly.

  1. Central control

Homeowners can access the control of their smart home technology through the central control. The central controls are usually smartphones and smartwatch apps with a user-friendly interface to control the smart home technologies devices. 

The central control serves as the outlet where home users can direct their smart home devices and appliances.

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  1. Automation

Based on instructions, smart home technologies can automate tasks. For example, a smart light with motion sensors can be programmed to come on when it detects a movement or a smart air conditioner is tasked with maintaining a constant desired room temperature.

  1. Remote access

One of the mind-blowing features of smart home tech is its ability to be controlled remotely by the home user. Home users can use their smartphone’s app or can control the smart technology when they are not at home. 

Homeowners can check security cameras, adjust thermostats, and even lock or unlock doors from anywhere in the world.

Benefits of Smart Home Technology

The following are the benefits of smart home tech:

  1. Convenience

The automation ability of smart home technologies makes them convenient to use.  You can arrive home on a scorching afternoon to find out your air conditioner has already cooled the living room to your preferred temperature. 

You can also go to sleep without using the light switches and the smart lights will put themselves off after you. 

  1. Energy efficiency

Considering the high cost of electricity in Nigeria and hike in the fuel prices, smart home technologies like smart thermostats and smart light systems efficiently save energy and optimize its usage.

  1. Enhanced security

Smart home security is one of the most important smart home technologies that provides real-time security surveillance and prompts alerts when there is a glitch.  They can deter intruders with motion-activated lights and send notifications to your phone if an unusual event occurs.

  1. Improved safety

Another smart home technology that improves safety is smoke detectors.  Smoke detectors can send alerts to your phone in case of fire and make loud blaring alarms to inform those still in the home to be cautious.

  1. Cost savings

Setting up a smart home tech might come at a high cost, but the long-term convenience and cost savings that come with it cannot be overruled. Using smart home technology for a long time guarantees long-term cost savings on energy bills and reduced maintenance.

  1. Customization

Smart home systems are highly customizable. Homeowners can tailor the technology to suit their specific needs and preferences.

  1. Accessibility

Smart home technology makes it easier for people with disabilities to live comfortably and without stress in their homes. Smart homes can have features like voice-controlled devices and automated lighting for enhanced accessibility to accommodate individuals with disabilities.

  1. Increase in home value

Investing in smart home technologies can increase the value of your property. Buyers who are interested in the smart home features integrated into their potential homes would love to buy a property with the technologies at a good price.

Smart Homes: Transforming Nigerian Homes for the Future

The evolution of smart home technology has played a significant role in transforming Nigerian homes for the future. 

Here are some ways in which smart homes are making an impact in Nigeria:

  1. Energy efficiency

Nigeria’s hot climate demands effective cooling systems. Smart home technology includes smart thermostats and smart air conditioning systems that help homeowners optimize their energy consumption while staying comfortable.

  1. Increase in security

With urbanization on the rise in Nigeria, security concerns have become paramount. Smart home tech systems have smart surveillance cameras and motion sensors that provide homeowners with increased security measures. 

  1. Increased convenience

Nigerian cities are characterized by the busy lifestyle of their dwellers. Smart home technology offers the convenience of remote control, allowing homeowners to manage their homes even during long commutes or business trips.

  1. Integration of solar power

Given Nigeria’s abundant sunlight, many homeowners are utilizing solar power. Smart home tech can effortlessly integrate with solar panels and battery storage, maximizing the benefits of renewable energy to power home appliances that require energy usage.

  1. Water management system

There are some areas in Nigeria where water scarcity is a pressing issue and most homeowners find it hard to go about their daily lives without water. Home gardens suffer this fate too as there is little to no water to cultivate. 

Smart home technology proffers smart irrigation systems that can efficiently manage water usage in gardens and lawns, helping to conserve the available water.

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  1. Healthcare monitoring

Smart thermostats and bed occupancy sensors are examples of smart home technologies that can be used to monitor health. Some of these have been used to track sleep patterns, keep track of blood pressure and monitor many other pertinent health-related issues. 

The ageing population in Nigeria can benefit from smart home technologies tasked with healthcare monitoring to track their health and give an emergency alert when they are in dire situations.

  1. Reduced risk of disaster

Smart home technology can enhance disaster preparedness with features like flood sensors and early warning systems for extreme weather conditions.


Having offered several benefits to homeowners in Nigeria and around the world, smart home technology is surely here to stay.

As technology continues to advance, it is clear that smart homes will continue to play a vital role in the transformation of Nigerian homes for the future. Embracing this innovative technology can lead to a more comfortable, efficient, and secure living environment for all.

Article Edited by Priscilla Ajayi.

About Author

Avatar of Mercy Ogunlowo
Mercy Ogunlowo
Mercy is a writer at She writes SEO content, and her articles are engaging, informative, and easy to read. Her interests span Lifestyle, traveling, career and Technology.

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