change management

A Full Guide to Change Management in a Nigerian Business Environment

by Jemiyotan Arioritsebafor

In today’s rapidly changing business landscape, change management is crucial for any organisation that wants to remain competitive. It is especially true for businesses in Nigeria, where the ever-changing market and competitive environment require careful consideration and strategic planning. 

This article will provide valuable insights, knowledge, and strategies to help you manage change effectively and drive your organisation toward success.

What is Change Management, And How Does it Work?

Change management is the process of handling organisational change effectively. It involves a structured approach to transitioning individuals, teams, and organisations from a current state to a desired future state. 

It can be anything from implementing new technologies to restructuring teams or changing business processes.

Processes Involved in Change Management

Change management involves a series of interconnected processes to ensure that changes are implemented effectively and efficiently within an organisation. By following these processes, organisations can minimise the risk from changes and achieve their desired outcomes.

  1. Change identification

A change management process begins with identifying the need for change. Customer or employee feedback, industry trends, and changes in competition all contribute to identifying change. 

Ensure to evaluate the change to determine its potential impact on the organisation.

  1. Change request

A change request should be submitted after identifying the change. This request should include a description of the change, its potential impact, and the reasons why it is necessary.

  1. Change approval

A change control board or a designated approver reviews and evaluates the change request to determine whether or not to approve it. Factors that influence the decision include the potential impact of the change, the cost of implementing it, and the resources required.

  1. Change planning

If the change request is approved, the next step is to develop a plan for implementing the change. This plan should include a timeline, a list of required resources, and a detailed description of the steps in implementing the change.

  1. Change communication

Effective communication is critical during the change management process. Communication should be clear, concise, and timely. It should also target those who will be affected by the change. It helps to ensure that everyone is aware of the change, understands its impact, and has the information they need to adapt to it.

  1. Change implementation

During the implementation phase, the change is put into action according to the developed plan in the planning phase.  It involves training employees, modifying processes or systems, and other activities to ensure the full integration of the change into the organisation.

  1. Change monitoring

Once implemented, it is crucial to monitor the impact of the change to ensure the desired results. It may involve collecting data, analysing the results, and making adjustments as necessary to optimise the change.

  1. Change review

Review the change after some time to determine its effectiveness. This review should include an assessment of the impact of the change, an evaluation of the process used to implement it, and recommendations for future change management efforts.

Components of Effective Change Management

Effective change management is not just about implementing new processes or technologies but also about managing the people to be affected by the change. Here are some components of effective change management:

  1. Communication

Keep employees informed about the change, the reasons, and how it will affect them. Communication should be clear, consistent, and ongoing throughout the process. It helps to build trust and reduce resistance to change.

  1. Employee involvement

Involve employees at each stage of the change process. It not only improves the outcome but also helps to build a culture of collaboration and engagement.

  1. Define clear roles and responsibilities

Assigning clear roles and responsibilities to team members helps alleviate confusion, prevents duplication of efforts, and ensures the clarity of everyone’s duties during the transition.

  1. Training and development

When implementing change, ensure that employees have the knowledge and skills to perform their new roles effectively. It helps to reduce any apprehension or anxiety associated with the change.

  1. Leadership support

Leaders need to communicate the vision for the change, be committed to its success, and actively participate in its implementation. They should lead by example and provide employees with the necessary resources and support.

  1. Flexibility

Change managers should be able to adapt and respond to new information, feedback, and unexpected outcomes. Flexibility helps manage risks and ensures that the change initiative stays on track.

  1. Celebrate small wins

Celebrate small successes and milestones along the way to the ultimate goal. It helps maintain momentum, increase morale, and create excitement around the implemented changes. Also, be sure to recognise the individuals and teams that have contributed to the success of the change.

  1. Continuously evaluate and improve

Regularly evaluating and monitoring progress can help to identify potential roadblocks and areas for improvement. Use employees’ feedback to make necessary adjustments to ensure the change management process stays on course and is effective.

  1. Evaluation

Establish metrics to measure the effectiveness of the change and conduct regular evaluations to identify areas for improvement. It ensures that the change initiative aligns with the goals of the organisation and that it is achieving the desired outcomes.

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Why is Effective Change Management Crucial for Businesses in Nigeria?

Change is inevitable in any business environment. However, it can also be disruptive and lead to employee resistance, decreased productivity, and even failure.

There is an even greater need for effective change management in Nigeria, where businesses face several challenges like; economic instability, political uncertainty, and a rapidly evolving market. Below are several reasons why effective change management is critical for businesses in Nigeria:

  1. Improved efficiency

Effective change management can help businesses in Nigeria improve their efficiency by streamlining processes to save time and reduce costs. It involves identifying areas that require change and effectively implementing solutions.

  1. Better employee engagement

Effective change management can also improve employee engagement. When employees have a voice and can contribute, they are more likely to support the implemented changes. It leads to improved morale, increased job satisfaction, and reduced turnover.

  1. Increased competitiveness

Businesses in Nigeria can also increase their competitiveness by embracing change through effective change management. Change can enable businesses to innovate and adapt to emerging trends and customer needs, positioning them as industry leaders.

Overcoming Barriers to Successful Change Management Implementation

Implementing change within an organisation can be a challenging process. However, with the right strategies and mindset, businesses in Nigeria can overcome common barriers to successful change management implementation. 

Here are a few barriers to watch out for and tips on how to address them:

  1. Resistance to change

The most common barrier to successful change management is resistance to change from employees. Individuals often resist new ideas and methods after doing things in the same manner for a long time. To overcome resistance to change:

  • Ensure employees understand the need for the change and how it will benefit the organisation and individuals.
  • Encourage employees to provide feedback and ideas during the change process to make them feel valued and included.
  • Offer training programs and support services to help employees adapt to the change and build confidence in new processes.
  1. Lack of leadership support

When leaders are not on board with the change initiative, it can create confusion and uncertainty among employees. To address a lack of leadership support:

  • Explain the benefits of the change initiative to leaders, so they understand how it will impact the organisation and individuals.
  • Work with other influential leaders within the organisation to build support for the change initiative.
  • Keep leaders informed of progress and any changes to the initiative to ensure they feel included and engaged.
  1. Poor communication

Poor communication can create confusion and uncertainty during the change process, leading to resistance and a lack of employee buy-in. To improve communication during the change process:

  • Be clear and concise when explaining the reasons for the change, what the change will entail, and the benefits to individuals and the organisation.
  • Utilise different communication channels like meetings, emails, and feedback sessions to reach a diverse audience.
  • Encourage feedback and listen to employees’ concerns to address issues and improve communication.


Change is an inevitable part of running a business in Nigeria, and effective change management is essential for a successful transition. Addressing change strategically and comprehensively ensures effective management and employees feel supported.

So, whether you’re a business owner, an executive, or a manager in Nigeria, you can use this guide to manage change effectively within your organization. 

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About Author

Avatar of Jemiyotan Arioritsebafor
Jemiyotan Arioritsebafor
Jemiyotan is a writer, researcher, and instructional designer.

She likes to discover new ideas and explain them in an easy-to-understand way. She enjoys finding the perfect balance between the complex details of her topic and the feelings it can evoke.

When she's not writing, you'll most likely find her exploring the latest trends on social media or binge-watching shows.

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