Top 10 Certified Principles for Efficient Investment

by Mercy Ogunlowo
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how to invest

Investment can be a doorway to financial freedom if rightly utilized. A popular Nigerian entrepreneur, Aliko Dangote, once said, “invest now before it’s too late. The train is about to leave the station”. 

Investments leave you with several benefits, which includes; building wealth, inflation protection, generating passive income, financial Independence, early retirement, and some others.

Depending on the investment plans the investment platform offers you, you can be an investor in stocks, bonds, real estate, cryptocurrency, or mutual funds, among others.

Furthermore, a subject matter that should always be noticed by an investor or someone who proposes to be one is the principle involved in making an efficient investment. A very cogent reason for this is the management of the risks that accompany investment.

Investment principles help individuals to understand and manage the risks associated with different types of investments. By understanding the principles of risk management, an individual can make informed decisions about how much risk to take.

10 Principles to Adopt for Efficient Investment

Below is a list of principles you can adopt to invest efficiently:

  1. Be consistent with an effective investment strategy

Consistency with an investment strategy can assist you in meeting your financial objectives. Consistency also enables you to build your portfolio gradually over time. Furthermore, to satisfy your curiosity on how to invest efficiently, Consistency helps you avoid rash, emotional decisions based on short-term market fluctuations

  1. Diversify your investment portfolio

Diversifying your investment portfolio is a very good principle that exposes you to how to invest efficiently. It helps you spread your risk and increase your chances of earning a steady return. Diversifying your portfolio spreads your money across various investment types, such as stocks, bonds, real estate, and cash.

Different investments perform differently in different market conditions, which can help reduce the portfolio’s overall risk. For example, if the stock market is underperforming, bonds may outperform, reducing the overall impact on the portfolio.

  1. Do thorough research before investment

Research helps identify risks and opportunities an investment might offer and make effective decisions about an investment. Research is an essential part of the investment process that gives individuals a considerable amount of surety on how to invest efficiently.

Doing thorough research can make you more confident in your investment decision, leading to better yield.

  1. Stay informed about market trends

Keeping up to date on market trends is important for making efficient investments because it can help you better understand the current economic and market conditions, identify new investment opportunities, and manage investment risks.

As an investor who wants to know how to invest efficiently, you need to stay informed about market trends. You can make more informed and well-timed investment decisions, ultimately leading to better long-term results.

Read Also: Why You Should Consider Investment in Nigeria

  1. Patiently make investment decisions

Patience is important when making investment decisions because it helps avoid impulsive, emotional decisions, avoid behavioural biases and take advantage of market fluctuations.

Your patience reveals that you are well-versed in how to invest efficiently. You can make more informed and well-timed investment decisions, ultimately leading to better long-term results.

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  1. Have realistic expectations about your investments

Some individual thoughts about investing need revitalization because they put unrealistic expectations on investment returns. You must understand that investments come with risks, and returns are not guaranteed. Having realistic expectations on investments is important for investing efficiently because it can help you to set achievable goals, make informed decisions and be patient.

By having realistic expectations, you can also have a better understanding of the potential risks and returns of different investments, which can ultimately lead to better long-term result.

  1. Keep in mind that investment is long-term

Long-term investments are less affected by short-term market fluctuations. Over the long term, investments align with the company’s or market’s underlying fundamentals. By keeping a long-term perspective, an investor can avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market fluctuations and instead focus on the long-term potential of the investment.

A good way to know how to invest properly is that investment is a marathon, not a sprint, and it’s not about timing the market but time in the market.

  1. Have a risk management for your investment

How to invest efficiently includes understanding the risks involved in each investment and having a plan for managing them. Managing investment risk is critical for achieving your financial goals. You can increase the chances of achieving your financial goals, such as saving for retirement or buying a home, protecting your capital, giving you peace of mind, and reducing stress when volatile markets are.

It allows you to make informed investment decisions and adapt to market conditions and changes, which can lead to better returns over the long term. Protect your capital and minimize the chances of losing money on your investments.

  1. Consider engaging with a professional financial advisor

Financial advisors have the knowledge and expertise to help you make informed investment decisions. They can help you understand the different types of investments available and the risks and potential returns associated with each one. Financial advisors can create a personalized investment plan that considers your circumstances and goals. They can help you determine your risk tolerance, time horizon, and investment objectives.

Financial advisors can provide an objective and unbiased perspective on your investments. They can help you avoid emotional decisions detrimental to your long-term financial goals. Financial advisors help you know how to invest efficiently. They can help you regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your investment goals and risk tolerance.

Read Also: Top 10 Investment Apps for Entrepreneurs in Nigeria

  1. Stay focused while investing and adopt a long-term financial vision

Long-term investments have greater growth potential, as they are less affected by short-term market fluctuations. It can help with emotional discipline, encouraging you to stay invested even during market downturns. It can also help you create a diversified investment portfolio aligned with your financial goals. Having a long-term investment vision can help you think strategically about how to invest, which can be beneficial in achieving your financial objectives.


There are several investment platforms that help you make your choices on the types of investment you wish to make. Some of these investment platforms might even take the liberty of teaching you how to invest.

However, principles backing an efficient investment method should be noted and abided by to achieve your investment goals.

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About Author

Avatar of Mercy Ogunlowo
Mercy Ogunlowo
Mercy is a writer at She writes SEO content, and her articles are engaging, informative, and easy to read. Her interests span Lifestyle, traveling, career and Technology.

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